Rainbow Resource Room
ACTIVITIES ABOUT PLANTS!
|Planting an indoor classroom
garden all year-round provides children with lots of science experiences.
You'll find activities and ideas for spring, summer, winter and fall in
There are 4 black & white printable coloring and pattern pages of Plants associated with this theme. Use your BACK button to return to this page.
Preschool children can plant and experiment with seeds throughout the fall and winter as they gain knowledge about nature and science. during this series of activities.
You will need:
Teacher Hint: After the overnight soak notice that some seeds are floating and some have sunk. Use only the floating seeds as these are more likely to sprout quickly. Remember to "nick" them slightly.
Pre-k children will need to identify each plant as itTeacher Hint: Young children can use ordinary kitchen basters as "watering cans".
Materials: Vegetable seeds, soil, Styrofoam cups, popsicle sticks, and a marker.
Description: Start by sharing stories of vegetables
and the process a seed goes
Comments: If you have the yard space it is
delightful to take it one step further
This Is The Way We Plant Our Seeds
Comments: Of course growing a bean seed is also a tried and true part of this theme. I also play Vivaldi's Spring during the Plant Theme.This Is The Way We Plant Our Seeds
By The Moon
Materials: 10 bean seeds and a place to plant them, note paper and pencil.
Description: Plant five seeds when the moon is growing, and five seeds when the moon is shrinking. For each group of seeds, write down the dates you planted, when they sprouted, and how fast they grew. Water them equally well. Ask questions like, did the new moon seeds sprout in fewer days? Does one group look healthier? Do you think planting by the moon works?
Materials: Clear plastic cups, 2 per child, potting soil, quick seeds like radishes, marigolds and beans, scotch tape, water and a plant journal.
Description: I wet the soil ahead of time
so that it is ready for the kids to use. Each child takes 2 clear plastic
cups, filling one 3/4 with wet soil. They then
put the seeds, about 5 or 6 seeds, on top of the soil. Do not mix in.
Then put the second cup upside down on top of the first. get it as snug
as possible then let the kids tape them
together. I wrote their names on the cups with markers and covered the
names with the scotch tape (keeps the marker from fading). We then wrote
what we did in the plant journal (I wrote they dictated).
Materials: Cleaned out egg shell halves, soil and various types of flower seeds.
Description: Children will use eggshells because they are biodegradable and they are good fertilizer for the soil. This is a great Earth Day activity and a great science project that can be followed by a field trip to an organic farm.
Children will take egg shells and put soil 1/2 full, place a pinch of seeds and place soil on top, and water them. You can place them back into the egg carton if you would like and place that onto a tray in a sunny part of the room or outdoors. You can talk about the different soils and that the eggshell is like a vitamin for the plant. Fun outdoor or indoor activity.
Comments: Children will love the texture of
the dirt and watch their lovely
Materials: Gardening books, butcher block paper and glue.
Description: Cut pictures of flowers and vegetables out of catalogs. Glue flowers together and vegetables together to create a flower garden and a vegetable garden. Discuss what gardening activities you have to do to maintain a garden, like watering, pulling weeds etc.
Materials: Magazines with vegetable pictures and / or an assortment of empty vegetable seed packets, large sheet of brown bulletin board paper, scissors, and tape.
Description: Place a large sheet of brown bulletin board paper where you want your mural to be. After discussing how vegetables grow, have children go through magazines and cut out pictures of different vegetables. If using empty seed packets, have the children pick out the ones they want and have them cut them out. Have children decide where their vegetable should go on the brown paper. Then help them decide whether it grows above the ground or below the ground and assist them as needed when they tape their picture to the wall.
Materials: Seeds (bean, corn, etc.), ziploc bags, cotton balls, yellow food coloring, a dropper and a window.
Description: I used pinto beans that you can buy in the grocery store because they're easy and accessible. We cook them in house keeping and use for counting exercises too! My students are 4 and 5 year olds. OK, after the children are used to the idea of beans and have associated them with food you are ready to begin your sprouting activity.
Comments: Children love it because it is in a baggie and they can observe the
Molly P. offers the following interpretation of sprouting beans in a baggie.
Description: Discuss springtime and new life. Show the students various seeds and discuss what they are and what the end product will be. Use real examples if possible. Tell students that to grow a tree or plant of some sort you need light, water and air. Then tell them that they will be growing their own bean sprout. Tell the children that they will be wetting down a paper towel and then placing it in a ziploc bag. After that they need to count 1 or 2 beans and place them in the bag. Have them make a name card or use masking tape to keep track of the bags. Track the changes of each bean sprout or discuss the changes that are taking place day by day. In a few days, your bean sprouts should appear!
The Gardener Plants the Seeds
Gardener Plants the Seeds
The gardener plants the
Materials: Russet potatoes, grass seeds, cotton, felt, paint and buttons .
Description: Take the top of your potato and dig out about 1/2 into the top of it. Then place a wet cotton ball in the hole you dug. Next, place the grass seeds into it. I recommend that you poke toothpicks in each side of the potato and then place in a plastic glass so the toothpicks are holding the potato upright. After the grass has grown let children give Mr. Potato Head a haircut and decorate with buttons, glue, glitter, paint etc.
Materials: "M & M" Candies, coffee grounds, glue sticks, green construction paper, muffin liners, water color paints and blue construction paper.
Description: Have the children rub a glue stick over the bottom of the blue piece of paper and sprinkle coffee grounds on top. This is the dirt. "Plant" an M&M "seed" by gluing it in the coffee grounds. Have the children cut green strips of construction paper and green leaves for the stem and add them to the picture. Have them paint their muffin liners with watercolors, and attach to the stems when they dry.
Comments: Older children can label the parts of their flower!
Project: Seeds Throughout The Year
Materials: Seeds, beans, corn or any kind of dried seeds.
Description: In the fall we take nature walks to look for wild seeds. We talk about how the wind blows the seeds to replant them. We talk about the different people who use seeds in their lives, like farmers, gardeners, nursery workers, foresters etc. We make seed collages and seed rhythm makers with empty film containers. In cooking class we talk about the different foods that have seeds that we eat without cooking. We use biscuits and make bread sticks out of them and roll them in sesame seeds and let the children eat them.
In the spring we plant seeds so the children can watch them grow and then we put a pretty ribbon on the flowers and the children give them to their mothers for Mother's Day.
Oh, do you know that seeds need soil,
Continue with the following
Cooking Idea: Edible Plant
Materials: Oreo cookies, chocolate pudding, gummy worms, plastic flower, spoons and clear cups.
Description: First have the children crumble Oreo cookies into the bottom of clear cups. Next allow the children to put "mud" (chocolate pudding) in the cup. After a plastic flower has been planted the children can enjoy their treat.
The Sun comes out and shines so bright
"Sensory" Garden & Growing Grass
Materials: Sensory table, potting soil, gardening tools for children, plastic vegetables (actual size is better) and gardening gloves.
Description: Allow children to plant and harvest their gardens in your classroom sensory table.
Description: Roll out the sod in your sensory table. Be sure to give it a good watering every couple of days. Allow children to spray water, or trim your classroom lawn with their scissors.
Craft Activity: Plants
Materials: Xerox and enlarge picture
of a flower.
Description: During circle time show or draw a diagram of a plant. (roots, stem, leaves, petals etc.) While there explain to the children what they will be doing for the project. Allow them to use their own choice of colors and materials.
In the cupcake paper squeeze glue and allow them to sprinkle in confetti. Once dry squirt in a drop of oil for a scented flower. Glue in the middle of decorated (xeroxed) flower.
Comments: The kids loved smelling their flowers!
Planting: A Window Planter
Experiment with these ideas and vary the planting medium, seeds and procedure to find out (with your children) what works and what doesn't. Keep a record (journal) of your results.
Barbara A. encourages brainstorming about plants or flowers with this early childhood activity.
Yellow poster board, construction paper (various colors).
During circle assemble your flower on the carpet. Give each child an opportunity to choose a petal and answer the question. Be sure questions are open ended, (ie: if you were a flower, what would you smell like?). This is a great transition activity!!!
Instead of one large flower you could make a variety of small flowers with a popsicle stick stem. Place them in a flower pot and each child could pick a flower.
Comments: this activity can be used for any age group depending on the questions you place on the petals or flower
in a Pod?
You will need:
With a small group of children open the pod of a bean and a pea. Observe the contents and then cut a seed in half lengthwise. Talk with children about what they see. What do seeds need in order to grow into plants? Next, dampen a paper towel and wrap it around the inside of a clear plastic jar. Place whole butter bean seeds between the sides of the jar and the paper towel. Keeping the paper towel moist at all times, place the jar in a window sill and observe the seeds grow.
Storytime reading: How A Seed Grows by H. Jordan
You will need:
In small groups begin by showing young children the seed packages, allowing children to feel and shake the packages. Then as them to predict what size, shape and color they think the seeds will be. Let the young children take turns looking at, touching, and smelling the seeds. The magnifying glass and tweezers will help.
Next, teachers can ask children to describe the seeds, "What colors are the seeds? Are the seeds all the same size? Are they the same shape? How do they feel? How can we find out what is inside the seed?" Write down or note the children's responses.
Hint: Dry lima & kidney beans become soft and open easily when they are soaked in water overnight. Once opened they reveal a baby plant. Provide both dry and soaked lima & kidney beans for young scientists to investigate and describe.
Now teachers and preschoolers create a "Seed
Secret" chart by gluing seeds on oaktag along with children's descriptions
of the seeds. Include seeds that are open and don't forget to include
some grass seeds if your plans include the following Garden Creations.
For this pre-k lesson
plan you will need:
Before you begin take the class on a trip to a garden center or visit a local garden. Try reading a book about gardens during story time.
a Rainbow by Lois Ehlert
Teachers talk with young children about gardens. "What is a garden? What do people need to do to help them grow?" Ask children to imagine everything they would include if they had their own special garden. Record their responses on experience chart paper.
Begin spring planting by offering each child a vegetable tray and helping him/her use a pencil to poke a few holes in the bottom for drainage. Show children how to fill their trays with about a half inch of potting soil, sprinkle the soil with grass seed and use plastic forks to gently rake the seeds into the soil. Help children mist the soil with plenty of water, and place the trays near a sunny window. Each day ask a child to water the gardens using the mister. Notice and talk about the gardens as they grow.
Possible learning extensions: Collect seashells, eggshells, nut shells, small twigs, pebbles etc.
When the grass reaches about a half inch show
children the stones, twigs and shells. Encourage them to use these
items to decorate and individualize their gardens. Allow children to use
other classroom materials if they like. As the children work on
their gardens, invite them to talk about the items they're using.
Children might like to dictate stories about their gardens.
Take a clear jar about 3/4 full of water and place it in the water so that only the bottom 1/3 of the potato is covered by the water. Then put toothpicks into the sides of the potato. The toothpicks across the mouth of the jar will keep the potato from slipping further into the water.
Preschool children can put the water into the jars and put the toothpicks into the potatoes.
Next, cut the tops of carrots that have already had the greens removed. Place the carrot tops in a shallow dish of water, flat side down.
Preschool children can remove the greens and place the carrots in the dish. Older children can cut the carrots.
Talk with pre-k children about the different
ways that plants grow. Some from seeds and some from cuttings (hint:
Marigolds are quick seed starters).
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